New book on Manila Espionage

Theresa Kaminski’s new book, Angels of the Underground: The American Women who Resisted the Japanese in the Philippines in World War II, is now available. The abstract on Amazon.com reads:

When the Japanese began their brutal occupation of the Philippines in January 1942, 76,000 ill and starving Filipino and American troops tried to hold out on Bataan and Corregidor. That spring, after having been forced to surrender, most of those men were thrown into Japanese POW camps while dozens of others slipped away to organize guerrilla forces. During the three violent years of occupation that followed, Allied sympathizers in Manila smuggled supplies and information to the guerrillas and the prisoners.

Theresa Kaminski’s Angels of the Underground tells the story of four American women who were part of this little-known resistance movement: Gladys Savary, Claire Phillips, Yay Panlilio, and Peggy Utinsky – all incredibly adept at skirting occupation authorities to support the Allied war effort. The nature of their clandestine work meant that the truth behind their dangerous activities had to be obscured as long as the Japanese occupied the Philippines. If caught, they would be imprisoned, tortured, and executed. Throughout the Pacific War, these four women remained hidden behind a veil of deceit and subterfuge.

An impressive work of scholarship grounded in archival research, FBI documents, and memoirs, Angels of the Underground illuminates the complex political dimensions of the occupied Philippines and its importance to the war effort in the Pacific. Kaminski’s narrative sheds light on the Japanese-occupied city of Manila; the Bataan Death March and subsequent incarceration of American military prisoners in camps O’Donnell and Cabanatuan; and the formation of guerrilla units in the mountains of Luzon.

Angels of the Underground offers the compelling tale of four ordinary American women propelled by extraordinary circumstances into acts of heroism, and makes a significant contribution to the work on women’s wartime experiences. Through the lives of Gladys, Yay, Claire, and Peggy, who never wavered in their belief that it was their duty as patriotic American women to aid the Allied cause, Kaminski highlights how women have always been active participants in war, whether or not they wear a military uniform.

Angels of the Underground: The American Women who Resisted the Japanese in the Philippines in World War II

Angels of the Underground

Theresa Kaminski’s other books include Prisoners in Paradise: American Women in the Wartime South Pacific and Citizen of Empire: Ethel Thomas Herold, an American in the Philippines. She is also co-author of the book Enduring What Cannot Be Endured: Memoir of a Woman Medical Aide in the Philippines in World War II , published in 2000.

‘In Memoriam’ page updated

The initial In Memoriam page listed over 600 civilian deaths, and included internees and non-internees. The updated page now lists over 800 civilian deaths and draws from the records of Robert Logan Hudson concerning military POW camp records. The following list of men were civilians these men were kept in POW camps, such as Cabanatuan, because they worked for U.S. military, or in the port department. Many of these men had families inside, and outside, of the civilian camps. I am very sorry to have to report these additional deaths, but the aim of this site is to record the fates of all the “enemy aliens.”

NameNationalityCampDate of deathCause
John H. AbbottAmericanLas Pinas POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
William AhernAmerican4/3/1944Unknown
Harold N. AndersonNorweigianOld Bilibid Prison12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Ray W. AndersonAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Egil AndreassenNorweigianCabanatuan POW Camp 12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru on 15 December 1944
Leo P. Angardt RussianCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Horatio B. ArnoldCabanatuan Old Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Rjarne Asheim NorweigianCabanatuan1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Richard G. BaileyAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Louis L. BaileyAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Donald P. BarrAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Neville Richmond BaughAmericanOld Bilibid Prison2/11/1945Unknown
John M. BennettAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
John M. BennettAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Morris BerkowitzAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Henry O. BestAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp2/8/1943Unknown
Fred J. BlackCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Dwight W. BlackmanAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Harvey V. BlackmanAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Frank O. BloomAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Margaret Bruel BoguslavAmericanSanto Tomas Internment Camp7/23/1945Died of a stroke, pneumonia
Herald H. BookerAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Ralph H. BoothAmericanBataan-CorregidorUnknown
Sjur BratteteigNorwegianCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Harry L. BriggsAmericanClark FieldDied in Ship Sinking or Shot Attempting Escape
Horace B. BrowningAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Richard L. ButtnerAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Jan Vladka BzochCzechCabanatuan POW Camp1/9/1945Killed in bombing of Enoura Maru
Mathew W. CahillAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Tracy J. CaldwellAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Harry R. CampbellAmericanLas Pinas POW Camp12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Leif T. CarlsenNorwegianLipa POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Monroe Oliver CarlsonAmericanCabanatuan1/25/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Thomas H. CasadAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Donald David ChambersAmericanDavao Internment Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Vladimir B. ChurakovskyRussianCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Jim ClampAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
William K. ColemanAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Thomas Jeffers CoolidgeAmericanCabanatuanDied in sinking
Lewild O. CorbittAmericanCabanatuan12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Richard C. CorkleAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Urban L. CorleAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Floyd F. CottrellAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Thomas H. CrookBritishPOW Camp 7 Corregidor Corregidor Is Phili10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Chester J. DavisAmericanCorregidor10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Harvey L. DeathridgeAmericanCabanatuan Fukuoka Pow Camp 1 Kashii Pine Tree Camp2/13/1945Unknown
John DelaneyAmericanOld Bilibid Prison12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Merton B. DowneyAmerican12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Kenneth A. DunlopAmericanPort Area12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Frank DurbinAmericanCabanatuan12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Charles A. ElliotAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Robert M. Evers AmericanOld Bilibid Prison Cabanatuan POW Camp 10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Norton R. FairlAmericanPOW Camp 8 Bachrach Garage Manila Luzon P1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Robert J. Fields AmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Richard F. FlowersAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Albert FluckAmericanCabanatuanDied at sea
George H. FournierAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Albert J. FoytAmericanOld Bilibid Prison1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Matthew C. FunstonAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Gary G. GanfieldAmericanPasay10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Sigurd GartnerLas Pinas Cabanatuan POW Camp10/11/1944Unknown
Boris Y. GladcoffRussianCabanatuan POW Camp9/1/1944Unknown
Edwin G. GoldsboroughAmericanSanto Tomas Internment Camp Old Bilibid Prison1/25/1944Executed by the Japanese
Albert B. GommCanadianCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
William GrantBritishCabanatuan10/11/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Warren GrayAmericanCabanatuan1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Harold W. GraybealAmericanPOW Camp 11 Port Terminal Bldg Manila Luz Cabanatuan1/9/1945Died in ship sinking
Olaf O. HaganNorwegianCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Wilbert O. HainesAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
John G. HairBritishDied in Ship Sinking or Shot Attempting Escape
James C. HarringtonAmerican10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Louis B. HartAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Willard L. HartAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Ivan H. HartAmericanPOW Camp 10 Batanges Batanges Luzon Phili POW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
William F. HedgesAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Leo HermanCzechLas Pinas POW Camp POW Camp 4 O'donnel Tarlac Luzon Philippi Died in captivity
Ben B. HessenbergerAmericanLas Pinas POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Charles W. HeydaAmericanCabanatuan10/11/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Winston R. HotsenpillerAmericanCabanatuan10/11/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Jaroslav HrdinaCzechPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc 1/9/1945Died in the sinking of the Enoura Maru
Carl C. JohnsonAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Philip J. JoyAmericanCabanatuan Fukuoka Pow Camp 1 Kashii Pine Tree CampUnknown
John JudgeIrishCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Audum JuelNorwegianCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Raymond KelleyAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Fred J. KelseyAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
William L. KenneyAmericanCabanatuan12/15/1944Died in the sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Burl B. KinderAmericanOld Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Ben E. KirkpatrickAmericanCabanatuan1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Aaron Kliatchko AmericanCabanatuan12/31/1944Died on the the Enoura Maru
Max KromAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Arthur G. La CompteAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Orley Augustus LairdAmericanOld Bilibid12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Jack E. LangleyAmericanOld Bilibid Prison4/30/1943Killed by the Japanese
James V. LashleyAmericanLas Pinas POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Robert LeesAmericanCabanatuan12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Fred LenkCzech12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Henry G. LindblomAmericanOld Bilibid Prison12/25/1944Executed by the Japanese
Arthur E. LindstromNorwegianCabanatuan1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
John H. LongAmericanOld Bilibid Prison6/11/1944Unknown
Thomas T. LynchAustralianCabanatuan12/15/1945Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Albert R. MartinAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
George N. McKayAmericanPOW Camp 10 Batanges Batanges Luzon Phili Old Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Hector D. McLeanAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp Old Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
William G. MeeseAmericanCabanatuan12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Frank S. MerrillAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Oliver M. MichaelsonAmericanCabatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Thomas L. MitchellAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Lynn MonroeAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Garnet Green Morris IlCanadianBaguio Internment Camp Old Bilibid Prison1/9/1945Died in the sinking of the Enoura Maru
Remeous MundellAmericanLas Pinas POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Peter NathansenGermanCabanatuan Old Bilibid12/15/1944Died in sinking of the Oryoku Maru
Ray E. O'BrienAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Sergei OlfenieffAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Robert S. OverbeckAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Arthur G. OwensAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Marvin B. PadgettAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Paul E. ParsonsAmericanCabanatuanDied in Ship Sinking or Shot Attempting Escape
Thayer W. PeoplesAmericanCabanatuan Old Bilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
James E. PilandAmericanCorregidor10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Otis O. PorterAmericanCabanatuan Old Bilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
John H. RiggsAmericanOld Bilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Paul D. RogersAmericanPort Area Cabanatuan POW Camp1/9/1945Died in the sinking of the Enoura Maru
Frank Rose Jr.AmericanCabanatuan Osaka Main Camp Chikko Osaka 34 13510/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Jess C. Rowland Jr.AmericanPOW Camp 8 Bachrach Garage Manila Luzon P10/11/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
George D. RoyAmericanCabanatuanDied in ship sinking
Jacob RussbergCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Billy G. SandlinAmericanCabanatuan Old Bilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Warren D. SargeantAmericanCabanatuan 10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Lester L. SchwabAmericanCorregidor10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Alfred T. SmithAmericanPOW Camp 10 Batanges Batanges Luzon Philippines Old Bilibid Prison10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Gordon SnyderAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Samuel L. SnyderAmericanLas Pinas Cabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Martin Stefansie Jr.AmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Arno J. StengerAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Vincent StoutAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Province Bilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Orville TaylorAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Francis S. ThompsonAmericanPOW Camp 11 Port Terminal Bldg Manila Luzon Cabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Edward R. TrappAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Lawrence J. ValleroAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Josef VarakCzechCabanatuan1/9/1945Died in sinking of the Enoura Maru
Anastasios G. VarelasAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Charles M. VincentAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Carl J. ViningAmericanLas Pinas10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Anthony G. VolneyCzechCabanatuan POW Camp1/9/1945Killed in bombing of Enoura Maru
Charles R. WeidlichAmericanBilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Joseph WeismanAmericanPOW Camp 11 Port Terminal Bldg Manila Luzon Bilibid10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Fletcher H. WoodAmericanOld Bilibid Prison1/6/1945Unknown
Howard A. WoodhamAmericanCabanatuan POW Camp10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
Paul WoodwardAmericanPOW Camp 10 Batanges Batanges Luzon Phili Neilsen10/7/1944Unknown
James WylieAmericanPOW Camp 1 Cabanatuan 1 2 3 Nueva Provinc Lipa 10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru
William A. ZeitlinAmericanCabanatuan10/24/1944Died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru