Reference

There are thousands of resources available detailing the Philippines in World War II. We hope that you find the following items useful. The glossary, below, gives information on some facts and names involving the civilian internment camps.

Glossary

Amah Nanny
Bakya Wooden clog shoes
Camote A type of sweet potato
Camp Holmes The 2nd camp in Baguio used to house internees.
Camp John Hay The first camp in Baguio to house internees.
Chenala Slip-on sandals made of straw
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere The Japanese proposal for dominance over Southeast Asia
Hopevale A hidden camp on Panay where a group of Missionaries and miners tried, unsuccessfully, to hide out from the Japanese.
Kempeitai Japanese military police during WWII
Mestizo A mixed-race person
Lugao Over-boiled rice to make a mush-like dish
Nipa A palm frond
Package Line System set up to distribute goods to STIC internees from outsiders
Pechay A type of cabbage
Plan Orange War Plan Orange (WPO-3): Allied plan to withdraw to Bataan in event of Japanese invasion.
Sawali Bamboo woven into strips
STIC Santo Tomás Internment Camp
Tuba An alcoholic drink made from fermented coconut sap
Talinum Philippine plant similar to spinach
USAFFE United States Army Forces in the Far East
UST University of Santo Tomas

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